I love speculation. It is one of the most enjoyable thought pursuits I engage in, if not the most enjoyable. Unfortunately, it is hard to share your speculations without seeming like a total nutcase. Yet, here I go.
The Creation of Matter
It seems to me that the nature of matter and other such manifestations is better explained by describing them as waves that act like particles, rather than the reverse. I am not sure that the mathematics are any different, though. After all, what is the difference mathematically between a particle that acts like a wave and a wave that acts like a particle?
I am sure a lot of people could actually answer that question, but it sounds convincing, doesn’t it?
In my imagined view of the universe, the fabric of space is a friction-less fluid of extraordinarily small particles, each one existing as something of a point in four-dimensional space. Light and matter are simply waves in that fluid. Particles with mass are made up of circular waves. In such waves, the pattern of motion in the fabric of space would curve around and catch itself, resembling a dog catching its tail and spinning around and around. Such circular waves would actually resemble the vibrating strings of string theory.
If this were all true, then the difference between the quantum world and the classical world of physics would just be the result of the different speeds and other characteristics of the waves, like whether or not they were straight or circular, or whether their motion in other dimensions differed from the things around them.
Macroscopic things, like ourselves, would actually follow the same exact rules as quantum particles. The differences in classical physics and quantum physics would be caused by the fact that we and other macroscopic objects do not move so quickly, our motion is not circular, and our motion in the fourth dimension is probably identical to that of all macroscopic objects around us.
All forces except gravity would be interactions between the waves. For example, the particular spin of positively-charged waves would churn the fabric of space around them and this churn would mesh with the churn of negatively-charged waves, like gears turning in opposite directions.
This theory would require at least four dimensions, since quantum entanglement could only happen if the waves of the entangled particles were physically connected in a fourth dimension. Entangled particles would then be nothing more than separate peaks of a bundled wave and the perceived randomness of the location of electrons that is now expressed in terms of probability would be the result of interactions with other particles in the fourth dimension.
The universe we observe would be like the surface of a great, four-dimensional sphere. We would not observe anything that went on below the surface.
Gravity would be nothing more than a difference in the density of spacetime. Hot, lower-density pockets would draw in the spacetime around them like wind rushing from a high-pressure part of the atmosphere to a lower one. Stars would be something like four-dimensional storms in the low-pressure spacetime, powered by the heat created by the matter that has collected there. As the spacetime rushed toward the low density area, it might travel through the storm and emerge at another point through wormholes. Matter, however, would be too large to go through the wormholes and would gather there, like debris collecting on an enormous, cosmic drain.
Spacetime could descend from the surface plane of our universe to the interior, and then rise up at another point on the surface. The whole structure of the universe, with its strands of gaseous matter, stars and planets, could be a result of such movements. Upwellings of spacetime could push galaxies away from the voids and into the filaments, with the filaments resembling the Pacific Ring of Fire, where sea crust is pushed under continental crust. Matter would get caught at the equivalent of continental margins, where spacetime descends at the filaments and rises in the voids. The movement of spacetime would push galaxies and matter towards the filaments, just as is observed.
In this imagined view of the universe, all properties of matter and light would reflect properties of the waves. The fundamental difference between light and matter would be that light had motion in fewer dimensions. Light might only have three dimensions, where we might have four. This would also affect all our observations of the universe, since we are interpreting the universe through photons. The interactions of photons with matter might also cause the matter to collapse and essentially lose a dimension.
Since light would be like matter, but lacking some of its properties, dark matter and dark energy could similarly be like ordinary matter and simply lack different features.
The speed of light would be an illusion. We would think it had a speed the way we think the sun revolves around the earth, but we would be the ones who were in motion, moving as a wave across the flat photon beam (flat in that dimension, at least). As we passed back and forth through the light, we would believe it was the light that was moving. The light would appear to have both speed and polarity, but the polarity would also be created by our motion, as we crossed back and forth across the flat beam from alternating angles.
This would be why the speed of light figures into equations that show the equivalence of mass and energy (E=mc2, where c is the speed of light). Energy and mass would be properties of waves, and so would the apparent speed of light. They would probably reflect the motion of the wave in different dimensions (up and down versus side to side, for example). However, slow, macroscopic objects would probably all move together in the same way compared to the flat planes of light.
Reducing the motion of the wave in one dimension (up-down, side-to-side, etc.) would require increasing it in a different dimension, meaning that reducing mass would increase energy. Momentum would still be a major reason matter acts the way it does, and that conservation would take on even greater significance.
This is because, in my fantastical ideations, matter and light would owe their origin not to a Big Bang, but to a Big Bump, when another universe slammed against or slid past ours and gave it a massive shake, vibrating the particles of spacetime and creating a nearly infinite number of waves, which interacted and affected each other until they formed the particles and photons we are familiar with. The creation of matter in our universe would be a great transfer of momentum from the other universe to our own.
This would also account for the paucity of anti-matter in the universe, because the original disturbance was not omnidirectional. Matter would not have started from a central point and burst out in all directions. Instead, its observed expansion from a central point would require some other explanation.
The first possibility would be that the expansions of the universe from a central point reflected the decrease in the density of spacetime caused by the heat of the matter. The inflation of the universe would be caused by that heat.
The other possible explanation for the apparent expansion of the universe from a single point would be that, like matter itself, this movement was also the result of previous contact between our universe and a colder one, possibly the very universe from which we gained our momentum.
The direction of chemical equations and the history of our universe currently depend on the fact that our universe favors entropy, or loss of organization. This changes in relatively small areas, when heat is removed from a particular system. The loss of heat makes it possible for organization to increase in small pockets of the universe, like stars.
If the universe as a whole had lost enough heat for a long enough time, then entropy would have been disfavored. This would have reversed the direction of chemical equations and interactions, increased rather than decreased organization, and could have drawn all the matter in the universe towards a single point until, in an instant, the transfer of heat fell below a critical point and entropy was suddenly favored, chemical reactions instantaneously switched to their current direction and matter began its current outward trajectory without warning or transition.
And that is my imagined version of the creation of light and matter.